The Paris Agreement: where are we? [fr]

With the EU ratification announced on the 4th of October, 74 States, representing more than 58.82% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions have ratified the Paris Agreement. The treaty shall therefore become effective on the 4th of November, a few days before the opening of the COP22 in Marrakech.

JPEG

The 12th of December 2015 was an important turning point in the history of the international community: 175 countries gathered in Paris for the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) decided to take action against the urgent issue of global warming. On this day, under the careful and uncompromising watch of the world citizens, Laurent Fabius, the then French Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development and COP21 Chair, announced the adoption of the Paris Agreement by which UNFCCC member states agreed to limit temperature rise to 15°C by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.

From that day, the international community has continued to mobilize in favour of the implementation of the Paris Agreement which will only come into force when ratified by 55 countries representing more than 55% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

On 22nd April 2015, 174 Heads of State and the President of the European Council met and signed the Paris Agreement in New York, opening a one year period during States parties are invited to adopt and submit their ratification instruments to the UNFCCC Secretary General as stipulated in the Agreement.

In the days following the New York signature, several island states such as Grenada, Tuvalu and Belize ratified the Paris Agreement. In May this year, the Hungarian Parliament unanimously voted to ratify the Treaty becoming the first European country to formally endorse the COP21 objectives. France and Norway ratified the Agreement in June 2016. On 3rd September 2016, President Xi Jinping and President Barack Obama announced the ratification of the Paris Agreement on behalf of the People’s Republic of China and the United States of America respectively. In the eyes of the world, the commitment made by these two countries that are among the world’s biggest emitters of greenhouse gas is decisive. Less than 15 days later, Brazil, Mexico and Panama ratified the Paris Agreement.

Shortly afterwards, on 21st September, on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, Uganda, with 31 other countries, submitted its ratification instrument during a high level event organized by the UN Secretary General. The following day, the German Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Accord. On 2nd October it was India’s turn to ratify it.

France congratulates itself on today’s approval of the Paris Agreement by the European Parliament. This step will enable the EU and its member states that have completed their national process, including France, to submit their ratification instruments.

With the EU ratification announced on the 4th of October, 74 States, representing more than 58.82% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions have ratified the Paris Agreement. The treaty shall therefore become effective on the 4th of November, a few days before the opening of the COP22 in Marrakech.

Political and economic differences among States and peoples notwithstanding, solidarity and commitment will help mitigate the negative effects of global warming and make environmental protection a source of inspiration and reflection on the future of our societies. The preservation of the environment should become a daily reflex for each and every one of us.

Dernière modification : 06/10/2016

top of the page